OX

COW_VACA_VACHE

Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Chordata... Class: Mammalia... Order: Artiodactyla... Familia: Bovidae... Genero: Bos... Especie: B. Taurus...

MIND

COW_VACA_VACHE

Oxen are cattle trained to become draft animals. In most cases they are adult males. In Eastern Canada, the term oxen is used to describe trained steers, of at least four years of age. Oxen all over the world, are used for plowing, transport, irrigation by powering pumps, drawing carts and wagons, hauling cargo, grain-grinding by trampling or by powering machines. Oxen were commonly used to skid logs in forests, and sometimes still are, in low-impact select-cut logging. Oxen are most often used in teams of two, paired, for light work such as carting. In the past, teams might have been larger, with some teams exceeding twenty animals when used for big logging project or any great size project that machinery hasn`t replace yet. In other countries and ox training traditions, adult cattle with little or no prior human conditioning are often yoked and trained as oxen. This is done for reasons of economy, as it is easier to let a calf be raised by its mother, and for lack of adequate methods for housing and feeding young calves.
A tradition in south eastern England was to use oxen as dual-purpose animals, for draft and beef. A plowing team of eight oxen would consist of four pairs aged a year apart. Every year, within a cycle, a pair of steers would be bought at about three years of age, and trained with the older animals. The pair would be kept for four years, then at about seven years old they would be sold to be fattened for beef.  Ox trainers often favor larger animals for their ability to do more work. Oxen are therefore usually of larger breeds, and are usually males. Females can also be trained as oxen, but as well as being smaller, they are often regarded as being more useful for producing calves and milk. An ox is nothing more than a mature bovine with an "education" in his working field! The education consists of the animal's learning to respond appropriately to the teamster's basic signals. These signals are given by verbal commands or by noise and many teamsters were known for their voices and language. In North America, the commands are (1) get up, (2) whoa, (3) back up, (4) gee (turn to the right) and (5) haw (turn to the left). A wooden yoke is fastened about the neck of each pair so that the force of draft is distributed across their shoulders. Oxen can pull harder and longer than horses, particularly on obstinate or almost un-movable loads. This is one of the reasons that teams were dragging logs from forests long after horses had taken over most other draft uses in Europe and North America. Though not as fast as horses, they are less prone to injury because they are more sure-footed and do not try to jerk the load.
BODY
Ox is also used for various cattle products, irrespective of age, sex or training of the beast – for example, ox-blood, ox-liver, ox-kidney, ox-heart, ox-hide etc.

COW_VACA_VACHE

 

SOUL

BODY.......... MIND

....................MAIN INDEX

#1-ANIMALS ...... #1-SOCIETY

#2-ENERGIES ..... .#2-SPORT

#3-PLANTS ........ #3-EDUCATION

#4-MINERALS ......#4-SCIENCE

........................................#5-THINGS

........................................#6-EATING

........................................#7-FINANCE

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FACTS
Translation--Traducción--Traduction
English: Ox
An Ox can pull harder and longer than a horse.

Español: Buey
A Buey puedes tirar mas in peso y tiempo que uno caballo.

Français: Boeuf de trait
Un Boeuf peut tirer des charges plus lourdes plus longtemps qu`un cheval.

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